World Day Against Child Labor.
- Worldwide 218 million children between 5 and 17 years are in employment.
Among them, 152 million are victims of child labour; almost half of them, 73 million, work in hazardous child labour.
- In absolute terms, almost half of child labour (72.1 million) is to be found in Africa; 62.1 million in the Asia and the Pacific; 10.7 million in the Americas; 1.2 million in the Arab States and 5.5 million in Europe and Central Asia.
- In terms of prevalence, 1 in 5 children in Africa (19.6 %) are in child labour, whilst prevalence in other regions is between 3 % and 7 %: 2.9 % in the Arab States (1 in 35 children); 4.1 % in Europe and Central Asia (1 in 25); 5.3 % in the Americas (1 in 19) and 7.4 % in Asia and the Pacific region (1 in 14).
- Almost half of all 152 million children victims of child labour are aged 5-11 years.
42 million (28 %) are 12-14 years old; and 37 million (24 %) are 15-17 years old.
- Hazardous child labour is most prevalent among the 15-17 years old. Nevertheless up to a fourth of all hazardous child labour (19 million) is done by children less than 12 years old.
- Among 152 million children in child labour, 88 million are boys and 64 million are girls.
- 58 % of all children in child labour and 62 % of all children in hazardous work are boys. Boys appear to face a greater risk of child labour than girls, but this may also be a reflection of an under-reporting of girls’ work, particularly in domestic child labour.
- Child labour is concentrated primarily in agriculture (71 %), which includes fishing, forestry, livestock herding and aquaculture, and comprises both subsistence and commercial farming; 17 % in Services; and 12 % in the Industrial sector, including mining.
Learn more : Global Estimates of Child Labour: Results and trends, 2012-2016 , Geneva, September 2017 and International Labor Organization – Child Labour