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NANTES, FRANCE. Supporting homeless persons.

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Objective : To support homeless persons in NANTES, FRANCE.

Location of the action: NANTES (“Pays de la Loire” region), FRANCE.

Means and resources deployed : 

March 2019 : Our N.G.O. sent out several Teams of volunteers in the area of NANTES, FRANCE to provide homeless persons with concrete food aid, to make them aware of their rights, to encourage them to relocate, with the French Right to Housing Law. This dynamic approach enables the creation of social link and relationships of trust with homeless persons. 

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Supporting Homeless persons in Nantes.

Supporting Homeless persons in Nantes.

Supporting Homeless persons in Nantes.

Supporting Homeless persons in Nantes.

Publication of the 24th Report of the Abbé Pierre Foundation : “The state of poor Housing in France – 2019”.

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France 🇫🇷, February 1st 2019.

▶ The European Observatory for Non-Discrimination and Fundamental Rights (OENDDF, in French) was present at the Meeting of social actors organized by the Abbé Pierre Foundation for the publication of its 24th Report on “The state of poor Housing in France – 2019”.

▶ The issue was: ” At the gates of the street. When the State abandons persons leaving institutions “. This Meeting  highlights the cases of persons leaving prison, psychiatric hospital, or Childhood Protection Public Assistance (ASE), which causes homelessness.

▶ 45 % of homeless persons have been homeless when they went out from prisons, psychiatric hospitals or Childhood Protection schemes.

▶ 23 % of persons leaving prison do not have a durable housing solution when they leave, even though housing is a factor of reintegration and of prevention of recidivism”.

▶ 21 % of homeless persons who have been through Childhood Protection Public Assistance (ASE) find themselves in the street within one year after they leave the Institution.

▶ 4 million persons suffer from poor housing.

▶ More than 12 million persons are affected by the housing crisis.

Learn more : Fondation Abbé Pierre. 24th Report on “The state of poor Housing in France – 2019”.

 

The state of poor Housing in France - 2019.

The state of poor Housing in France - 2019.

Digital exclusion undermines fundamental rights, such as access to minimum social benefits, access to Housing and access to justice.

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▶ Dematerialization of administrative procedures : in France, the Defender of Rights warns about the inequalities of access to public services.

Digital exclusion undermines fundamental rights, such as access to minimum social benefits, access to Housing and access to justice.

▶ Fragile publics are concerned : persons who are homeless or in a precarious situation, persons in a situation of migration, persons with disabilities, detainees, protected adults, as well as persons living without a computer, or without an internet connection, or without a scanner.

Learn more : Dematerialization of administrative procedures : in France, the Defender of Rights warns about the inequalities of access to public services.

FRANCE. The painful journey of pregnant homeless women in the street.

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1/ The painful journey of pregnant homeless women in the street.

▶ “The 115 for cradle?” With this question, the Abbé-Pierre Foundation warns the public authorities and denounces, in its 21st Report devoted to poor housing in France, the situation of many pregnant and precarious women in France.

“We regret the lack of follow-up upstream of the pregnancy and a lack of suitable housing for leaving the maternity ward”, summarizes Manuel Domergue, director of studies at the Abbé-Pierre Foundation.

▶ In France, 40 % of homeless persons (in accommodation, makeshift shelters, hotels, etc.) are women. 5 % are totally homeless, sleeping rough in the street.

=> Learn more : The painful journey of pregnant homeless women in the street.

2/ The French Maternity Hospitals are confronted “more and more regularly to the cases of mothers in precarious situation who give birth and who have neither a roof, nor a shelter, at the exit of the maternity”, alert the Hospitals of Paris.

▶ Out of 12 Maternities, 11 Maternities are located in Ile-de-France.

▶ In Ile-de-France, at least 2,400 women found themselves in this situation in 2017. This figure is up from previous years (2,000 in 2016) and these are only partial estimates, says the Regional Health Agency.

▶ The mothers of these children and these children who are born need emergency housing for their physical, mental and psychological health.

=> Learn more : A baby ? No roof. Homeless women in the street.

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NICE, FRANCE. Supporting homeless persons.

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Objective : To support homeless persons in NICE, FRANCE.

Location of the action: area of NICE (Alpes-Maritime region), FRANCE.

Means and resources deployed : 

December 2018 : Our Association sent out a Team of volunteers to organize during the Christmas period, including Christmas Eve and Christmas Day, free distributions of festive meals, a reminder of the right to the French “Active Solidarity Minimum” (“RSA”) Income and proposals for getting out of the street, in the area of NICE, FRANCE.

Creation of social link and relationships of trust with homeless persons. 

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OENDDF Mobile Team on patrol in NICE.

OENDDF Mobile Team on patrol in NICE.

OENDDF Mobile Team on patrol in NICE.

NANTES. Field missions for Romanian families.

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Objective : To encourage the integration of Roma and Romanian children, living in extreme material and moral difficulties in FRANCE. To provide for free distribution of schoolbags. To promote children’s rights, living in discriminated communities, and their right to education.

Location of the action: area of NANTES (44), FRANCE.

Means and resources deployed – September to December 2018 : Our Association sent out a Team of volunteers to organize free distributions of schoolbags, school supplies, toys, chocolates with pralin, for families Roma and Romanian children, living in extreme material and moral difficulties (caravans, muddy campground, driving rain) in the area of NANTES.

Learn more : “For more than a thousand years, Roma people have been an integral part of European civilisation. Today, with an estimated population of 10-12 million in Europe, approximately six million of whom live in the EU, Roma people are the biggest ethnic minority in Europe“.  (European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights)

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Field missions with Romanian families.

France. Migrants living in the street : the situation in Paris, Calais, Grande-Synthe, Ouistreham.

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▶ In France, the number of Migrants rose to 800 and 1,200 in Paris and Saint-Denis, around 500 in Calais (Pas-de-Calais), around 400 in Grande-Synthe (North), around 200 in Ouistreham (Calvados), and several dozens are scattered along the coastline of the French Channel.

▶ Thousands of Migrants sleep every night on the street.

▶ Better housing Migrants living in the street, many of whom are minors, so Teens, to help them to overcome their trauma endured and to solve the multiple factors of migration from Africa to the European Union is a fight.

Learn more : “Migrants living in the street, in France”. 

Rouen (FRANCE). Yellow luggage lockers with a key are made available to homeless persons who can store their bags and papers.

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▶️ In Rouen (FRANCE), yellow luggage lockers with a key are made available to homeless persons who can store their bags and papers.

▶️ These lockers are distributed in six locations in the city, which are subject to video surveillance. Each individual compartment will obviously be locked and will be allocated to one person for a renewable six-month period, in exchange for a moral contract, inviting the homeless person to do everything possible to get out of his situation. This idea, already well established in Portugal, is emulated, since Bordeaux, Reims and Caen are already considering imitating the Norman capital.

▶️ This wonderful initiative should not make us forget that only an alternative accommodation, with a lease contract and a key, makes possible a sustainable social and professional inclusion of homeless persons.

Sources : Yellow luggage lockers with a key are made available to homeless personswho can store their bags and papers.

Council of Europe. Article 31 of the European Social Charter states that everyone has the Right to Housing.

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COUNCIL OF EUROPE, STRASBOURG, FRANCE. 

▶ “Article 31 – The Right to Housing

With a view to ensuring the effective exercise of the right to housing, the Parties undertake to take measures designed:

  • to promote access to housing of an adequate standard ;
  • to prevent and reduce homelessness with a view to its gradual elimination ;
  • to make the price of housing accessible to those without adequate resources”.

▶ To celebrate the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty (17 October 2018), the Conference of INGOs of the Council of Europe organised a working session on Article 31 of the European Social Charter which states that everyone has the Right to Housing. The lack of respect for the right to housing has serious impact on the health of those concerned, on their access to the labour market, education, protection, privacy, autonomy. In other words, it impedes them from living a dignified life. Article 31 is therefore a cornerstone, the respect of which guarantees the fundamental rights laid down in the European Social Charter.

The European Observatory for Non-Discrimination and Fundamental Rights took part in this day with the preparation of recommendations for the implementation of Article 31 of the European Social Charter, following the decisions and conclusions recently adopted by the European Committee of Social Rights.

▶ Failure to respect the right to housing violates this article. Considering the limited number of Council of Europe member States that have accepted article 31 (14 so far), other articles of the Charter provide equivalent protection for the right to housing such as Article 16 which deals with the right of the family to legal and economic social protection or Article 11 relating to right to health. In addition, cases of national jurisprudence condemning “sleep merchants” (owners who rent substandard housing) have been discussed, as well as recent judgments of the European Court of Human Rights.

The European Social Charter is a Treaty of the Council of Europe that guarantees fundamental social and economic rights, which is the counterpart of the European Convention on Human Rights, which refers to civil and political rights. It guarantees a wide range of everyday human rights related to employment, housing, health, education, social protection and social services.

Learn more : European Social Charter

 

European Social Charter

Poverty is a violation of Fundamental Rights.

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1/ The European Charter of Fundamental Rights sets out the basic rights that must be respected both by the European Union and the Member States when implementing EU law.

The European Charter of Fundamental Rights is a legally binding instrument that was drawn up in order to expressly recognise, and give visibility to, the role of fundamental rights in the legal order of the Union.

European Parliament has focused in particular on the issue of codifying Fundamental Rights in a legally binding document. In 1994, it drew up a list of the Fundamental Rights guaranteed by the Union. It placed special emphasis on the drafting of the Charter by making it ‘one of its constitutional priorities’ and stipulating the requirements to be met. In particular:

  • The European Charter needed to be given fully binding legal status by incorporating it into the TEU (“A Charter […] constituting merely a non-binding declaration and […] doing no more than merely listing existing rights would disappoint citizens’ legitimate expectations”); European Parliament thus called for the Charter to be incorporated into the Treaty of Nice and the new Constitutional Treaty ;
  • Fundamental Rights needed to be recognised as indivisible, by making the European Charter applicable to all the institutions, bodies and policies of the EU, including those under the second and third pillars, in the context of the powers and functions conferred upon it by the Treaties.

European Parliament has regularly called for the EU to accede to the ECHR, stressing that this would not duplicate the role of the now binding Charter. It called several times for the establishment of the European Agency for Fundamental Rights.

In two resolutions in 2014, Parliament also called for the creation of a ‘Copenhagen mechanism’, which would constitute a more efficient tool to ensure that Member States fully respect the fundamental values of the Union and the requirements of Democracy and the Rule of Law.

On 25 October 2016, European Parliament adopted a resolution with recommendations to the Commission on the establishment of an EU mechanism on Democracy, the Rule of Law and Fundamental Rights.

2/ Work must provide full access to Fundamental Rights.

Each situation of Poverty, despite a full-time work as described in this article below, is a violation of Fundamental Rights.

The Associations in charge of helping people in precarious situations, without public subsidies, have a heavy burden.

Poverty, because of a lack of access to housing, a lack of access to health, a lack of access to work or vocational training, is always a violation of Fundamental Rights in itself.

Learn more about poor workers : https://www.lemonde.fr

Learn more about the Charter of Fundamental Rights The Charter of Fundamental Rights