The European Observatory for Non-Discrimination and Fundamental Rights fights all forms of discrimination in the European Union and throughout the world.
The European Observatory for Non-Discrimination and Fundamental Rights actively supports, at the level of the institutions of the European Union (European Commission, European Parliament, Council of the European Union etc.) participatory democracy for citizens of the European Union, so that European citizenship is guaranteed by the various conditions of the Treaty of the European Union and those of the Treaty for the Functioning of the European Union.
The European Observatory for Non-Discrimination and Fundamental Rights especially supports, at the level of European Institutions:
1/ The prohibition of discrimination, as guaranteed by article 14 of the European Convention for Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and the right to freedom, the right to safety, legal equality between people, the right for cultural, religious and linguistic diversity, as guaranteed by articles 6, 20, 21 and 22 of the European Union Charter on Fundamental Rights:
«Article 6 – Right to freedom and safety
Every person has the right to freedom and to be safe. »
«Article 20 – Legal equality
All people are equal by law. »
«Article 21 – Non-discrimination
1. All discrimination is forbidden especially that based on gender, race, colour, ethnic or social origin, genetic characteristics, language, religion or beliefs, political opinions or any other opinion, belonging to a national minority, wealth, birth, a disability, age or sexual orientation.
2. When applying treaties and without prejudice to their specific conditions, any discrimination made due to nationality is forbidden. »
«Article 22 – Cultural, religious and linguistic diversity
The Union respects cultural, religious and linguistic diversity. »
2/ Fundamental rights that are, in particular, a human being’s right to dignity and a human being’s right to integrity, as guaranteed in particular by article 1 and thereafter of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union:
«Article 1 – Human dignity
Human dignity is inviolable. It must be respected and protected.
«Article 3 – Right to integrity of the person
Every person has the right to their physical and mental integrity.
In the context of medicine and biology, the following in particular must be respected:
- Free and informed consent of the person concerned, according to the terms set by law,
- Prohibition of eugenic practices, especially those aimed at selecting persons,
- Prohibition of using the human body and, as such, its parts, as a source of profit,
- Prohibition of reproductive cloning of human beings. »
3/ Fundamental freedoms such as freedom of thought and conscience, as guaranteed in particular by article 9 of the Convention for Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and article 10 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union:
«10.1. Every person has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. (…)
10.2. The right to conscientious objection is recognised according to national laws that govern its practice. »