in the worldAccording to the Annual Report of the United Nations Refugee Agency, wars, violence and persecution have pushed forced displacement around the world to a new record, with 68.5 million people uprooted in 2017, an all-out two seconds, about the population of Thailand.
The term “refugee” refers to anyone who, “with a well-founded fear of persecution because of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political out of the country of which she has the nationality and which can not, or because of this fear, want to claim the protection of this country ; or who, if he has no nationality and is outside the country in which he had his habitual residence as a result of such events, can not or, because of that fear, does not want to return there “, according to International Organization for Migration (IOM).
Refugees who fled their country to escape conflict and persecution account for 25.4 million people of the 68.5 million uprooted people, an increase of 2.9 million from 2016 and also the largest increase ever recorded by UNHCR for a single year. At the same time, the number of asylum seekers still awaiting refugee status as of December 31, 2017 increased by approximately 300,000 to 3.1 million people. Internally displaced persons number 40 million. Developing countries are the most affected.
Learn more : World Refugee Day