FRANCE : The European Observatory for Non-Discrimination and Fundamental Rights (in abbreviated : “OENDDF”) was heard on April 6, 2018 by the National Consultative Committee of Ethics (in abbreviated : “CCNE”), within the framework of the National Consultations on Bioethics, in FRANCE.
➡ These hearings in PARIS are part of a whole system deployed by the CCNE in addition to citizen debates, contributions on the website www.etatsgenerauxdelabioethique.fr, a citizen committee – composed of selected people by a polling institute – and contributions from institutional ethics committees such as Inserm, CNRS, Academy of Medicine and Academy of Sciences.
The series of hearings conducted by the CCNE concerns Associations such as the OENDDF but also interest Groups, learned societies, faith-based organizations and health professionals.
The CCNE will summarize all these contributions and submit them to OPECST and the government on 4 June 2018.
It will give its own opinion in July 2018 on a number of major issues raised during these National Consultations on Bioethics.
➡ The two representatives of the European Observatory for Non-Discrimination and Fundamental Rights, Mr. Didier BOYENVAL, Lawyer, and Mrs. Christine MONTY, President, spoke before a delegation of 4 members of CCNE, on the themes of Surrogacy and medically assisted Procreation, supposed in France being “for all”.
Drawing on the field experience acquired in the field of social exclusion, they presented a Study on the consequences of breaking bonds of biological filiation, carried out by the Audencia Business School, with a sample of 122 people who had their biological filiation basically broken.
They highlighted figures from this Study and they showed that the break of biological filiation led to the violation of intangible principles of different international Treaties, such as the right to the psychological integrity of the child, the importance of the identity of the child, therisk of discrimination of the child from birth, the best interests of the child, the importance of the dignity of the woman and the legal impossibility of commercialization of woman’s body.
Recalling the relationship with slavery and the late signature of an international Convention on the abolition of slavery on September 25, 1926 (but for France, pioneer of Human Rights, from 1794, in the French Colonies), they argued in favor of a Convention for Universal Abolition of surrogacy, and they presented the general outline of a convention of this type.
After responding interactively to the questions of CCNE Members, the two representatives of the OENDDF commented on the recommendations of the Report of the Special Rapporteur on the sale and sexual exploitation of children to the Council of Human Rights, 37th Session, February 26, 2018 – March 23, 2018, and they concluded the importance of withholding the prohibition of conventions and practices of surrogacy and to refuse any form of regulation, even strict, especially in view of consequences of the Study and the intangible principles of the international Treaties cited.
➡ You will find below our Study on the the consequences of breaking bonds of biological filiation :